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Hay is a conjugated form of the auxiliary verb haber/ to have. It is used to express both there is and there are depending on the context of a sentence. Furthermore, it has no subject.


NOTE: It is important not to confuse hay with es (it is) and son (they are).

LESSONS: Balance Sheet I & Balance Sheet Ia.

More Expressions of Existence

The following conjugations of haber are also used to express existence:

  1. hubo, había / there was (were)
  2. cuando haya/ whenever there is (are)
  3. tiene que haber/ there has (have) to be
  4. va a haber/ there is (are) going to be


LESSONS: Balance Sheet II & Balance Sheet IIa.

The Expression Hay que/ one (we) must or need to

Hay que is equivalent to one must (in a general sense) in English. This is an invariable expression, and no subject is required.


NOTE: Hay que has to be followed by an infinitive.

LESSONS: Balance Sheet III & Balance Sheet IIIa.


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