HAY / THERE IS (ARE)
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Hay is a conjugated form of the auxiliary verb haber/ to have. It is used to express both there is and there are depending on the context of a sentence. Furthermore, it has no subject.
- Hay mucho esmog en Los Angeles./ There is a lot of smog in Los Angeles.
- Hay muchos aviones en el aeropuerto./ There are many planes at the airport.
NOTE: It is important not to confuse hay with es (it is) and son (they are).
LESSONS: Balance Sheet I & Balance Sheet Ia.
More Expressions of Existence
The following conjugations of haber are also used to express existence:
- hubo, había / there was (were)
- cuando haya/ whenever there is (are)
- tiene que haber/ there has (have) to be
- va a haber/ there is (are) going to be
- Hubo un debate entre los empleados./ There was a debate among employees.
- Cuando haya nieve iremos a esquiar./ Whenever there is snow, we'll go skiing.
- Tiene que haber refugiados en la frontera./ There have to be refugees at the border.
- Va a haber mucha gente en la fiesta./ There is going to be a lot of people at the party.
LESSONS: Balance Sheet II & Balance Sheet IIa.
The Expression Hay que/ one (we) must or need to
Hay que is equivalent to one must (in a general sense) in English. This is an invariable expression, and no subject is required.
- Hay que ser sincero./ One must be sincere.
- Hay que tener compasión para los desafortunados./ We need to be compassionate to the unfortunate ones.
NOTE: Hay que has to be followed by an infinitive.
LESSONS: Balance Sheet III & Balance Sheet IIIa.